Dr. Malini Varshney & Associates
Dr. Malini VARSHNEY OD, Dr. Gursharn BERING OD
Why should I have an eye exam? An eye exam is more than just a Vision Test! During an eye exam, the optometrist is assessing the strength of the muscles in & around the eyes & more importantly, the eye health. An annual eye exam is recommended as preventative health care.

What are some common tests performed during an thorough eye exam & why?
Visual Acuity - to test the distance & near vision in each eye. ex. 20/20 vision is the standard to be achieved.
Refraction Test - to measure the amount of prescription required to allow 20/20 vision ex. myopia (near sightedness), hyperopia (far sightedness), astigmatism and presbyopia.
Ocular Motility - to measure any movement and variance in eye position ex. cross-eye/turned eye.
Accommodation - to measure the amount & speed one can hold focus at any given distance ex. the ability to sustain and achieve focus for effective reading and learning skills.
Biomicroscopy - to assess the anterior segment(front part) of the eye including the anterior surface referred to as the cornea & the lens, both of which are transparent. ex. to detect eye infections such as pink eye, ulcers, dystrophys, cataracts, contact lens fit.
Ophthalmoscopy - to assess the posterior segment(interior part) of the eye including the retina, vitreous humor & optic nerve. ex. to detect eye and systemic disease such as glaucoma, diabetes and hypertension.
Tonometry - to measure the pressure within the eye ex. for glaucoma screening, an asymptomatic condition of which there is no cure, only prevention.
Peripheral Fields - to measure the side vision ex. allows detection of eye and non-eye conditions such as glaucoma, brain tumors, and strokes.

At what age & how often should one have an eye exam? The Ontario Association of Optometrists recommends a complete eye exam starting at age 3 & every year thereafter. One may not expect a child to have cataracts or glaucoma, however there are many other important eye conditions that an optometrist monitors at this age. The optometrist tailors the eye exam to put emphasis on different tests depending on the age of the individual.

When my vision is weak, do glasses always help? Surprisingly, this is the most common assumption. Most people feel that they should only bother with an eye exam when their vision is weak & that glasses will correct this. However, in many cases, it may be an eye disease that can not be improved with glasses & the consequences may be irreversible.